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How truly popular domestic robots?
Release date:2016-07-30        Views:

OFweek robot Reuters: "small, scattered, weak" is the true portrayal of the robot industry, which lags far behind the actual development of "speculation" heat.

How truly popular domestic robots?
Domestic robotics industry continues to heat, a variety of seminars on robots, the exhibition is still in full swing, the World Conference of the robot will also be held in Beijing in October this year.

So much attention and favor, which for the industry, is indeed a good thing. But in reality, the development of domestic robotics industry seems to be far behind the "hype" of heat.

Hype or strength?
As one person in charge of the industry department said: the current composition of the majority of the robotics industry speculation, the actual development there are many issues need norms, "speculation flourished in the actual name of the first is greater than the strength."

The past two years, the robotics industry to grab the limelight, becoming one of the most popular domestic industry. In fact, from the expansion of the robot market, the usage of the entire robot product rapid growth, China has become the largest real robots market, whether domestic or imported robot robot increments amazing.

Publicly available data: in 2013, China has become the world's largest industrial robot applications market, 2014 sales reached 57,000 units, up 56%, accounting for a quarter of global sales, the robot density (number per million workers use industrial robots ) five years ago, 11 to 36.

At the same time, sales of its own brand of industrial robots also increased significantly in 2014, its own brand of industrial robot sales reached 17,000 units, an increase of 78% over the previous year; in 2015 this figure increased to more than twenty thousand units, an increase of 30 %many. Moreover, the robot in the domestic growth rate continues.

On this basis, the development of the robotics industry has made some achievements, few large companies have begun to appear in the industry's enterprises also increased. At present, nearly 800 enterprises robots, some of the technology has made some breakthroughs.

But a number of experts familiar with the industry's opinion: small, scattered, weak China is a true portrayal of the robotics industry, robotics industry and stronger China still has a long way to go.

Not long ago, the reporter went to Shenyang, Liaoning Province new pine robot limited liability company headquarters in an interview, there were ten currently the largest domestic robot business executives gathered here to form a coalition to jointly plan the development of the industry, is committed to bigger and stronger , striving to become an international market leader in robotics, and even gain access to the world's top ten enterprise robot.

However, in that interview, including government officials, entrepreneurs, including many people or domestic robot industry has a clear understanding.

Independent R & D capability is weak
New pine robot responsible Slalom Kui bluntly: China's overall strength and robot business R & D capability is also there are many defects, even before the ten domestic companies, compared to the international robotics companies, but also "pull general dwarf inside," a far cry . The new song as the leading domestic robot industry leader, one of its strengths even more than the addition of nine and, in the domestic industry has a robot doing my position.

Qu Road Kui summed up the law of robotic products are mainly three: hollow core technology, key parts imported, high-end product marginalized.

It is understood that China's current robot only individual enterprises with independent innovation capability, the need to import most of the core member assembly, not only controlled by others, and most are acquired foreign corporate profits. Qu Road Kui told reporters that the price of imports from the core components tend to occupy more than 70% of the product.

For the strength of the domestic robot technology, the relevant departments are also well aware.

In April, the Ministry of Industry have jointly Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance issued a "robot industry development plan (2016-2020" Ministry of the responsible person in the interpretation of planning, clearly points out the many shortcomings Industry Development robot faces: robotics industry chain key missing link, high precision parts and components reducer, servo motor controller, and so dependent on imports; core technology innovation capability is weak, high reliability, low product quality; promote the use of robots is difficult, the market share needs to be improved; enterprises, "small, scattered, weak "prominent problem, the lack of industrial competitiveness; robot standards, testing and certification system needs to sound like.

To solve these problems, not in a day. According to experts, the robotics industry including industrial robots and service robots into two categories, the current international industrial robot technology has basically stereotypes, in this respect, the gap at home and abroad, though still great, but after efforts to catch up or even overtake completely . But in the field of service robots, are still unknown.

More consistent view of the industry: service robots will be the future of competition in the field of robotics main battlefield, widely used, a huge market. But in this area, currently there are no uniform international standards, Slalom Kui opinion, which is the domestic robot industry both opportunities and challenges advantage.

However, some experts believe, Slalom Kui perhaps too optimistic, as the high-end industry, robotics need to integrate high-tech computers, sensors and other areas, it must have a strong R & D capabilities, in order to create excellent products, but China's current not only the lack of R & D investment, the lack of a large body of research and development, and the lack of R & D environment.

Blind investment to blame?
In fact, the development of China's robot just the number and size of the increase, the quality is still a difficult to break through the threshold.

Since the level of robot development in China there are so many shortcomings, the industry also seemed so why fire?

Minister of Industry and Miao Wei, July 16 published an article in which some words can be a good answer to this problem: a high current development of advanced manufacturing and emerging industries around the passion, but there is a "blind investment" "herd" of the show, even a "low-end high-end industry," the signs, which deserve attention and vigilance.

It is understood that since the robot industry as national key high-tech industry development, supported by national and local governments, especially local governments, eager to attract some robots enterprises to invest and build factories, industrial parks have been set up.

According to Miao Wei said that in just a few years, China has built or under construction in more than 40 robots industrial park, there are a large number of robots industrial park in the pipeline. Unfortunately, "a lot of 'small, scattered, weak' businesses rely on government subsidies and health, or take out the assembly, re-size the old."

A robot company official told reporters that the local government will also support the development of robotics enterprises through various means, some provide land and some financial services, and some even direct subsidies, "selling one machine, the local government make a money machine. "

Rely on subsidies to promote industrial development, was criticized by many economists. On the one hand, easily lead to fraud and other cheat up the incident, on the other hand also lead to more decentralized industry, is difficult to form a joint force. New energy vehicles is an example of the subsidy over the cause of new energy automobile production everywhere, but no substantive breakthrough. Today robotics industry is also making the same mistakes in the enthusiasm of local governments "Welcome" and positive subsidies, the number of domestic robots enterprises is also increasing rapidly.

An unnamed industry insiders feel very strange, as early as 45 years ago, the number of domestic enterprises robot breaking a finger can count them, only in the past few years, it has reached 800.

Of course, some companies have relied on their own robot tech enterprises signs, actively seeking local government support and help, do not hesitate to intensify propaganda. Business and government interact, so that the degree of excitement in this industry should have more than its present real situation.

In fact, many domestic industries, the increase in the number does not necessarily lead to improved quality. The robot reflect a country's level of industrial machinery and equipment, more prominent.

This reporter has learned that the current domestic robot many companies, there are no large part of their products, but in the assembly. Some even just the concept of speculation, there is no physical product, cheat a left, few companies interested in doing a hundred years old.

Person in charge of the competent authorities have issued a warning: Hope (robots) do not go to businesses flicker Government, do not flicker enterprises.

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